Ghana Health

Industrializing Ghana through Hemp Production

African Governments can introduce hemp seeds as a modern food staple crop and for the commercial materials made from them: cold pressed oil, shelled seeds (or hemp nuts), flour and protein powder.
Cannabis can be grown without pesticides, herbicides, and with reduced fertiliser inputs. The use of these agro-chemicals is not only expensive in economic terms, but damaging ecologically, both in the production processes, transportation, storage and handling, and to the ecology of an area.


Cannabis requires less water than cotton, when grown as a fibre. Hemp is suited to rotations as it is an annual and could be could be alley-cropped with leguminous trees or shrubs providing windbreaks. It replenishes and reconditions soil (by root binding) and preventing soil erosion.
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Hemp Market Value Chain Profile 2013    SEE MORE PDF

 

Wholly Hemp

Wholly Hemp

 

A 1986 Estimate is given by Kleiman, who puts 1986 consumption at the equivalent of 2700 metric tons of 6% THC cannabis; other trafficking-based estimates range as high as 4700 tons.20  Translated to the U.S, this would amount to over 60,000 retailers and 100,000 jobs. cannabis would also permit the agriculture of hemp, a versatile source of fiber, protein, biomass and oil, which was once one of America’s top crops. Hemp production might well rival that of other leading crops such as cotton or soy beans, which are currently on the order of $ 6 – 10 billion per year.


Save the considerable economic and social costs of the current criminal prohibition system. Current federal drug enforcement programs run at $13 billion per year. State and local programs are probably of similar or greater magnitude: in California, the Legislative Analyst’s Office estimated the cost of state drug enforcement programs at around $640 million per year in 1989-90, plus perhaps twice as much more in local expenditures.26 A sizable chunk of these costs involve cannabis, which accounts for 30% of drug arrests nationwide. Legalization of cannabis would also divert demand from other drugs, resulting in further savings. If legalization reduced current narcotics enforcement costs by one-third to one-fourth, it might save $6 – $9 billion per year.


The economic benefits of marijuana legalization are summarized in Table 2. The total direct savings to government in taxes and enforcement come to some $8 – $16 billion per year. These figures are somewhat lower than those sometimes bandied about in public discourse, as both legalizers and prohibitionists have a tendency to make consumption estimates that are in our opinion inflated. Nonetheless, the benefits of legalization seem both substantial and undeniable, and deserve to be taken seriously.

Table 2
Economic Benefits of Cannabis Legalization

Excise Taxes $2.2 – $6.4 Billion
Sales Taxes $0.2 – $1.3 Billion
Enforcement Savings $6 – $9 Billion
Hemp Industry $6 – $10 Billion
Others: Spinoff industries, Reduced hard-drug and alcohol abuse
Dale Gieringer is coordinator of California NORML (National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws) and co-founder of the California Drug Policy Reform Coalition. He received his doctorate in Engineering-Economic Systems at Stanford.

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Miners Shot Down

In the 1913 Land Act, black South Africans were not allowed to own land and forced removals of indigenous people from their tribal lands by European settlers took place from as far back as the 1700s. As a result it is estimated that black South Africans, who make up 67 per cent of the population, only own about 7 per cent of the land.
In recent times, a weakened rand, which has devalued by about 45 per cent since mid-2010, and South Africa’s relatively stable environment, has led to a surge in foreign buyers picking up some of the country’s most sought-after properties.

KOCH Global Hemp Wars Ukraine

HEMP TECHNOLOGIES GLOBAL Food, Fuel, Shelter, Jobs –

#Hemp Products Panacea Disguised as Weed  

South Africa Hemp … Hemp plant has a long history, … Cannabis seeds online for your president. President Obama buying seeds from Ukraine.

Climate Change is Global Pollution:

#KOCH is Black–#HEMP is Green

               I am telling you, why Americans over the age of 65, by contrast, oppose legalizing weed, 59 percent to 38 percent.

Anything Koch Produces out Chemicals is not sustainable but deadly.  Hemp is sustainable plant that grows like a weed; also, stronger than chemicals Koch produces, the junk in world’s garbage.

          Don’t fall for the lie. We are in this together and together we can fix this. We are limited only by our imaginations, which are vast. The first thing that  used to fight the original people was to ban mercantilism; taking away the peoples ability to be legitimate by banning hemp farming. Hemp was refined into sustainable and clean products such as hemp seed foods, hemp oil, beauty medicinal  supplements, wax, resin, rope, cloth, pulp, paper, plastics, trash bags, Steel, rubber and fuel.
As told by African Slavers: Hemp and the African
7 The African Dagga Cultures
          Long before greed and ambition prompted the countries of Western Europe to send their armies to conquer the New World, Europeans were exploring and exploiting Africa.
         The incentives that beckoned the white race to the “dark continent” were many, but chief among them were precious goods such as gold, ivory, and spices. Once they began to colonize the New World, however, European interest focused on yet another African treasure—the slave.
          The growth of the plantation systems in both North and South America had created a sudden demand for cheap and obedient labor, and to meet this demand Europeans, again, looked to Africa.
          Africa was no stranger to the slave trade. Human bondage is one of man’s earliest atrocities. It was commonplace throughout the ancient and early medieval worlds. But until the coming of the Europeans, slav-ery had existed on only a relatively small scale.
          Once the people of Western Europe “discovered” the continent, however, slavery became big business. Approximately ten million native Africans were taken from their homes between the middle of the fifteenth to the end of the nineteenth century to destinations sometimes halfway around the world, to be dis-passionately sold like chattel.

Frustrated at not being able to buy cattle from these natives at a reasonable price, the Dutch immigrants brought their own cattle to the Cape Colony, along with farmers (Boers) to look after them. The coming of the Boers, it turned out, signaled the en-slavement of the Hottentots.

At first, the Dutch and the African got on fairly well together. But as more and more Boers came to the Cape Colony, more and more of the Hottentots’ land was expropriated, including their valuable grazing fields. The Boers were not merely content with robbing the Hottentots of their land, they also began raiding their herds.

The Hottentots offered only a token resistance. They were herders, not warriors; and their spears were no match for gunpowder. To preserve their precious cattle, many of the Hottentots moved further north into the interior. Those who tried to make a fight of it were either killed or taken prisoner and made to serve as domestic servants for the rest of their lives.

Despite his disapproval of the drug, Thompson says that the white landowners cultivated cannabis for their servants, even though its effects were not in the best interests of the whites. The reason for this anomaly, explains Thompson, was that the white man used dagga “as an inducement to retain the wild Bushmen in their service. whom they have made captives at an early age . “11

There were some whites such as evangelist Hugo Hahn who shared Thompson’s belief that continued use of dagga was not in the best interests of the natives. Hahn had come to Africa to save the souls of the savages.

Their use of dagga, Flahn felt, was a vile habit that would keep their souls from ever entering heaven. Not one to sit idly by while souls were at stake, Hahn raided Boer hemp farms, burning the wicked plants wherever he found them. His actions did little to endear him to either the natives or the white settlers of the area.12

Although he could not have cared less about the souls of the na-tives, another crusader who condemned the natives’ indulgence in dagga was the famous American journalist Henry M. Stanley, whose rendezvous with the English missionary, David Livingston in 1871 is immortalized in his terse greeting: “Mr. Livingston, I presume.”

Unlike the compassionate Livingston, Stanley had little regard for the African native whom he described as “wild as a colt, chafing, rest-less, ferociously impulsive, superstitiously timid, liable to furious dem-onstrations, suspicious and unreasonable. . .”13

Stanley was in fact totally prejudiced against the native African. Regarding the natives’ use of cannabis, which he believed weakened their bodies and made them unfit to carry his cumbrous cargo, he wrote:

Certainly most deleterious to the physical powers is the almost universal habit of vehemently inhaling the smoke of the Cannabis sativa or wild hemp. In a light atmosphere, such as we have in hot days in the Tropics, with the thermometer rising to 140 Fahr. in the sun, these people, with lungs and vitals injured by excessive indulgence in these destructive habits, discover they have no physical stamina to sustain them. The rigor of a march in a loaded caravan soon tells upon their weakened powers, and one by one they drop from the ranks, betraying their impotence and infirmaties.14

Apparently, the unwillingness of the natives to risk their lives and to break their backs so that Stanley could become famous was not due to dagga’s weakening of their spirits.

The change in attitude occurred shortly after 1843, when the Republic of Natalia (Natal), on the northeast coast of South Africa, was annexed by England and made a part of the Cape Colony. Following the development of the sugar industry in the new province, more and more laborers were needed to work the fields. When native manpower proved unequal to the task, workers were sought from other countries, especially from the British colony of India, and about 6000 mainly low-caste Indians entered the country.26

Although brought over expressly to work in the sugar fields, these “coolies,” as they were called, left the fields as soon as they were able to satisfy their indenture obligations and they sought jobs in other indus-tries. Many became semi-skilled laborers, domestic servants, farmers, storekeepers, fishermen, etc. But while they fitted into the European way of life, they never became a part of it. Their dark skins, culture, social and religious background, and language set them apart from both the Europeans and the native Africans.

         Europeans were also suspicious of them because of their use of cannabis, a habit which they brought with them from India. Cannabis, the Europeans believed, made the “coolies” sick and lazy and therefore unable to work, and also led them to commit criminal acts.
         The Indian emigrées had not had to import cannabis seeds with them; cannabis was already a popular among the natives and it was probably from them that the Indians obtained their cannabis. It was not long, however, before legal steps were adopted to curtail such usage.
         By 1870, European settlers became so alarmed at the alleged dangers of cannabis to South Africa that they passed a law “prohibiting the smoking use, or possession by the sale, barter, or gift to, any coolies what-soever, of any portion of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). .”27
         But just as identical laws in other countries had no effect on the use of cannabis, so too was it ignored in Africa. In 1887, the Wragg Commission (named after its chairman, Supreme Court Judge Walter Wragg) concluded that the “coolies” were still using cannabis and that the drug posed a danger to white South Africans. Again, measures were taken to outlaw the sale, cultivation, possession, and use of cannabis. Such laws were no more successful than previous ones.
          In 1923, South Africa tried to enlist the aid of the League of Nations in outlawing cannabis on an international scale, but to no avail. Five years later, the country passed yet another anti-cannabis law. This was followed by still more anti-cannabis laws.
          The result was always the same–try though they might to legislate cannabis out of existence, South African lawmakers were never a match for the plant’s tenacious hold over its devotees.
          The safflower and henna supplied the women with dyes for the stuffs which they manufactured from hemp and flax.

AlgebraWorks @UniteBlue Collective Ans. to: Charles Koch: I’m Fighting to Restore a Free Society

AlgebraWorks @UniteBlue Collective Ans. to: Charles Koch: I’m Fighting to Restore a Free Society
What Thomas Jefferson really thought and putting student learning back into the hands of the Parents, Not in the Hands of ALEC:  Tax payers, collectively are buying/purchasing the US back from Mr.’s Koch.
* George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers GREW HEMP; (Washington and Jefferson Diaries). Jefferson smuggled hemp seeds from China to France then to America. Hemp was in such demand in the colonies that taxes could be paid in hemp & fines were levied against farmers who did not grow hemp!
Conforming to any individual’s belief system is the polar opposite of individualism. That said, as a proud 501C(3) unsanctioned by IRS cardholder, Mr. Koch pays $0 taxes [but collects them from the consumer on each product sold]. Collectively our question to Mr. Koch [C. or D.] is, why would Mr. Koch, [C. or D.] bother and concern [him] self with the redistribution of the taxpayer dollar. Collectively, Those who actually pay these taxes, by following IRS mandate, do have the final say over where the collected tax dollars, do, in fact, end up.
 Tax payers, collectively are buying/purchasing the US back from Mr.’s Koch.  Collectively, and at @UniteBlue twitter we intend that each and every American taxpayer’s dime is destined to benefit the 99% collective, rather than only those who entitled directly and indirectly from illegal slavery under laws propelled by the lawmakers who write laws to enslave and marginalize that collective to prevent them from accessing their basic human needs within our borders; and maybe rid the collective of the borders that restrict and constrain the liberty of the 99%.
          It is the policy of the state to protect the life of every citizen and seek the most appropriate ways to provide the basic needs for its people. It is then the policy of the citizenry people to follow all laws. Once the contract is breached there must be unrest, to that end:
HEMP TECHNOLOGIES the panacea disguised as a mere weed yielding Food, Fuel, Shelter, Jobs – Hemp is NOW! The initial challenge is to educate the public about the industrial benefits of the hemp. By foreseeing the potential worldwide benefits that may be derived from the myriad of uses for industrial hemp and recognizing the profits that could be made in making the world a better place. Large-scale improvements in public systems, services, and facilities of this country or region as necessary for good economic activity; better infrastructure: power and water supplies, public transportation, telecommunications, roads, and schools, are possible.
The laborers don’t get [it]$ capital.  Meanwhile, GOP leadership set precedence for world hunger; assuring that laborers are so hungry, they fight each other for food, too hungry and too restricted to vote.  The homeless are arrested or shot by the police for breathing. GOP Pits one group against the other, while GOP leaders pick their pockets and ours through the federal tax pool. The GOP leaders convince me that they are entitled to subsidies, and the rest of us do not deserve to breathe Gods air or drink clean water. Only GOP Leaders [and their heirs are protected from, their own, self-interest restrictions, place on the 99%, un-invited and un-called for. Only the GOP leadership belong, have a right to grace this earth: the air, the water, the land, all theirs.
The police restrict the poor, not the billionaires.  According to the 13th amendment, as long as the poor are restricted from meeting their most basic needs, they are allowed to work for free in Prisons [800,000 fathers] separated from their family and unable to pay child support which helps to allow the school to prison pipeline where even preschoolers are not allowed to have their basic needs attended to.
Solution:  $31B + $40B = Total Koch Ind. net worth or $71B / divided by 316,128,839: Total US Population = each American puts $250. To = ‪KOCH Ind. and NRA political TOTAL campaign capital. We (99%) buy America back.
Collectively the 99% @UniteBlue to buy our choice politicians.  Some have $500 some have $0 to contribute.[Percent of the US population/children on welfare is [ 4.1 % ] ; Percent of recipients who are white is [38.8 % ]; Percent of recipients who are black is [39.8 %] No one is left behind. Together we negotiate; Divided we beg. Divided, we live like those in Somalia, where all water is dirtied already by KOCH Ind; or like South Africa, so restricted by ALEC, that 80% of the people live/die on 20% of the land. According to Mr. Koch:“In a truly free society, any business that disrespects its customers will fail, and deserves to do so.”…FACT:  [Koch has truly disrespected our earth and everything on it]….”The same should be true of any government that disrespects it’s citizens.
The central belief and fatal conceit of the current administration is…”FACT: [Taxpayers are entitled to subsidies, not Big corporation who’s policies are to evade paying taxes. Koch Ind is free to determine where the capital of taxpayers is destined ]…”…that you are incapable of running your own life, but those in power are capable of running it for you. This is the essence of big government and collectivism.” Mr. Koch is chairman and CEO of Koch Industries. Wallstreet Journal is Koch [Koch is ruining the education of children; restricting the vote; providing guns to untrained children and mentally the ill; destroying the planet; and  families]
 Again * George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers GREW HEMP; (Washington and Jefferson Diaries). Jefferson smuggled hemp seeds from China to France then to America. Hemp was in such demand in the colonies that taxes could be paid in hemp & fines were levied against farmers who did not grow hemp!