The Third Circuit Court of Appeals was correct when, on April 26th, it ruled that Mumia Abu-Jamal should not be executed as a result of being found guilty of the 1981 shooting death of police officer Daniel Faulkner. Read More
1723. Chapter IV.
Whereas the laws now in force for the better governing of slaves are found insufficient to restrain their unlawful and tumultuous meetings, it is enacted that if any number of Negroes exceeding five conspire to rebel, they shall suffer death, and but utterly excluded the benefit of clergy. It is reenacted that if slaves are found notoriously guilty of going abroad at night or running away and lying out and cannot be reclaimed from such disorderly discourses, it shall be lawful to direct every such slave to be punished by dismemberment, or any other way not touching life.
The officer who had been with Mumia from the time he was found lying in the street until the time he was being treated in the hospital wrote that “the Negro male made no comment.” And a physician stated that the life-threatening bullet wound in Mumia’s chest made it medically impossible for him to have spoken at all.
No gunpowder on Mumia’s Hands
Gunpowder residue test on Mumia’s hands was negative for gunpowder
No Murder Weapon
Gun recovered was not shown to have fired the shot that killed Faulkner.
No Prosecution Witnesses’
As verified by in-court police documents, witnesses’ (all) could nay be prepared by prosecutor; all recounted opposite narratives, so as to be inconclusive.
Court stenographer who heard trial Judge Sabo say, “I’m gonna help the prosecution fry that nigger?” And speaking of Sabo, isn’t he the same judge who had 24 of the 32 death penalty cases he presided over reversed?
- 1638. Act X All persons except Negroes are to be provided with arms and ammunition or be fined at the pleasure of the governor and council.
- 1680. Act V. Whereas the frequent meetings of considerable numbers of Negro slaves under pretense of feasts and burials is judged of dangerous consequence, it is enacted that no Negro or slave may carry arms, such as any club, staff, gun, sword, or other weapon, nor go from his owner’s plantation without a certificate and then only on necessary occasions; the punishment twenty lashes on the bare back, well laid on. And, further, if any Negro lift up his hand again any Christian he shall receive thirty lashes, and if he absent himself or lie out from his master’s service and resist lawful apprehension, he may be killed and this law shall be published every six months.
- By a law of 1718, a black man convicted of the rape of a white woman was to be castrated. Throughout Pennsylvania colony, the children of free blacks, without exception, were bound out by the local justices of the peace until age 24 (if male) or 21 (if female). All in all, the “free” blacks of colonial Pennsylvania led severely circumscribed lives; they had no control even over their own family arrangements, and they could be put back into servitude for “laziness” or petty crimes, at the mercy of the local authorities.
- if any Negro lift up his hand again any Christian he shall receive thirty lashes, and if he absent himself or lie out from his master’s service and resist lawful apprehension, he may be killed and this law shall be published every six months.
- 1691. Act XVI.
An act for suppressing outlying slaves covering divers subjects, states whereas many times Negroes, mulattoes and other slaves lie hid and lurk in obscure places killing hogs and committing other injuries, it is enacted, that the sheriff may raise so many forces from time to time as he shall think convenient for the effectual apprehending of such Negroes. If they resist or runaway they may be killed of destroyed by gun or otherwise whatsoever, provided that the owner of any slave killed shall be paid four thousand pounds of tobacco by the public.
- 1710. Chapter XVI.
Whereas a Negro slave named Will, belonging to Robt. Ruffin, of the County of Surry, was signally serviceable in discovering a conspiracy of Negroes for levying war in this colony; for reward of his fidelity, it is enacted that the said Will is and forever hereafter shall be free and shall continue to be within this colony, if he think fit to continue. The sum of forty pounds sterling shall be paid the said Robt. Ruffin for the price of Will.
Matter of law-Jury of my Peers
U.S. Supreme Court in Batson v. Kentucky made it clear that a defendant is denied a fair trial when the prosecution unconstitutionally excludes blacks from the jury panel through the use of peremptory challenges.
In Mumia’s case, the D.A.’s office used 10 of 15 peremptories to dump African Americans, and later got rid of another.
Issuing orders to save Mumia’s life, was two George H.W. Bush appointees, on the Third Circuit in 2008 and 2011 and a Reagan appointee on the District Court in 2001. Third Circuit in 2008 was 2-1 vote, for re-trial.
Justice delayed is not always justice denied.
These are just a few of many irrefutable factual points and at least one of many unarguable points of law. You can agree if you like. Or you can disagree if you like. But you can’t change the facts, and you can’t change the law. And no amount of yelling and screaming and name-calling and anger and emotionalism is going to help.